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A Wind of Change on Java’s Ruined Temples: Archaeological Activities, Imperial Circuits and Heritage Awareness in Java and the Netherlands (1800-1850)

Authors:

Marieke Bloembergen ,

Royal Netherlands Historical Society (editorial secretary), NL
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Martijn Eickhoff

NL
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Abstract

This article focuses on early archaeological activities on Java between 1800 and 1850 in the context of the multiple regime changes of that period. It engages with the New Imperial History’s network-centred approach by looking at circuits of archaeological knowledge gathering in which not empire, but Java’s ruined Hindu and Buddhist temple sites provide ‘the nodal points’. By tracing how people, objects and ideas travelled via these sites, and between the Netherlands and the colony, the article aims to understand the origins and nature of heritage awareness of the modern colonial state.

 

It argues that this archaeological site-centred approach helps us understand how both European concepts and indigenous appropriations of archaeological sites contributed to the development of heritage awareness. There were complex multilayered power-hierarchies at work at these sites and forms of indigenous agency that we might miss if we follow only empire-centred networks.

 

This article is part of the special issue 'A New Dutch Imperial History'.

Keywords: Imperial History  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.18352/bmgn-lchr.8356
How to Cite: Bloembergen, M. and Eickhoff, M., 2013. A Wind of Change on Java’s Ruined Temples: Archaeological Activities, Imperial Circuits and Heritage Awareness in Java and the Netherlands (1800-1850). BMGN - Low Countries Historical Review, 128(1), pp.81–104. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/bmgn-lchr.8356
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Published on 19 Mar 2013.
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